Dipole Resonance


Dipole Logo Graphic
What did the experts of  Electromagnetic phenomena know about resonance, that the public is still totally unaware of?
Tesla, Walter Russell, Wilbert Smith.

Public Comprehension

When it is realized by the public, that energy is all around us within the Aetheric Medium, exactly as Tesla  revealed to us.
That it can be extracted anywhere needed, as Walter Russell attempted to give to us, the world will be forced into a radical change of "perception."
What has never been clear, for me, is exactly how to transform this "radiant energy" into useful work in our present society.
We continue to be in bondage to the constant purchase of energy, and if this constant "money flow" is interrupted,
then "too many" will go hungry, as unemployed and unvalued members of our society.

Without a shift in this "human working productivity - as a commodity" reality, nothing will change.
With a comprehension of a world that is possible, for the major population, there will be "proof," that we can make the change.
This document is dedicated to that "education" and for the larger population of mankind, obtaining that personal proof.



Generating and Utilizing "Radiant" Energy

In a resonant dipole circuit, as explained in detail below, we must make distinction between,

Radiant field,  Electric field
, and Magnetic field.
 
We must grasp the differences between
 
 Current fed DipoleVoltage fed DipoleOscillator.

at resonance.
Then Introducing the concept of  an

RMS tapped Dipole
 
We must locate where and how to tap "power" from a resonating device, without destruction of it's dipole resonance in the process. [Tom Bearden]

How do you tap power from a resonant circuit without effecting it's frequency, or draining it's internal power to continue oscillating?
The past masters of Electromagnetic phenomena found these answers, one by one, and each of them were then silenced by this worlds economic ethic.

It is recommended to read the next sections with an opened mind, before jumping ahead to attempt to grasp the circuits that will follow.

Warning: If you are not ready to have this knowledge please turn back here, and read no further.


Radiant Energy  [Background Field]

This is the energy of vibration of the Aetheric Medium. It propagates free space at light velocities.

Tesla recorded within a patent the velocity of  his Tesla Wave as it passed inside the earth at 1.5708 c.
Interesting to note the number is 1/2 pi.     [3.1416 / 2 = 1.5708]
Thus Velocity of the T wave = [Pi / 2 * c]
It is referred to as faster then light.

This energy responds well to "resonant fractal constructs" and devices cut to specific Aetheric Medium resonant lengths.
This energy will penetrate any metal shielding, and to the very core of matter, which is composed of it's vibration energy.
Ratios that are useful in this medium are  90x, 24x, 12x, 8x, Pi  / 2, Phi and many others. It is based solely on distances, or lengths.

The length represents the diameter of a spherical form of energy with one center of mass or gravity,
so a single length can not only fully describe it, but can replicate it on any octave of choice as a vibration.
This is why Wilbert Smith refers to it as the "one dimensional" field, or the first dimensional field force, or the 4th dimension.
The 4th dimension, introduced rotation or spin, as motion, and time, to the basic 1st three dimensions of rectilinear space.

[1.414 and .707  have little value as ratios in pure vibration work but are points of tapping the EM fields using diodes or AV plugs.]

Resonant lengths, do not change with materials used or with proximity to other objects.
Vibration in the Medium, slows down for nothing and for no one...

Coupling
An electric wave in free space can just catch up to a radiant energy wave, by a coupling factor of pi / 2.
Pi / 2 is a valid "coupling ratio" for energy to then move between these two field types.
As the electric wave then hits copper medium and slows down to .97 c or lower, it can no longer maintain it's initial coupling.
It must slow down to a lower harmonic in order to cross the radiant energy octaves again at lower harmonic.
Velocity factors as low as .19 are possible with PVC insulated coils.


Electric Field

The vibration of the Electric Field, is the crossing point between Radiant Energy and Electrical Energy.
It is the voltage or electric field, which also operates at light velocities [C], and becomes radiant on an antenna system.
Sometimes called "Radiant" energy, or RF [radio frequency energy].
As this energy can exist at points on the dipole which have no current running through them,
it is not recognized as "power" by our current technology formulas.
 [Power = Current  x  Voltage]  for an electrical "power source."  
Thus we have never viewed Radiant Energy as useful to our local power grids.
It has only been valued as a wireless carrier of information, by radio operators, and cell phone system....etc.

In our radio transmitting systems we feed the antenna with "power" derived externally at a point on
the dipole which will accept "current" and very near the point where maximum current is present on the antenna system.
Then what is radiant is the energy we can not really define, which moves out at light speeds and makes radios work at great distances away,
but at the point of release has no magnetic field present that we can calculate, as even the wire may be absent in this radiant energy form.
It has only an electric field present, and a radiant field.
 
It will then propagate like light and not be bent around by magnets.
Bending by gravity and reflections off ionospheric layers, as light might.
This energy does have an electrical component however and can be stopped using a metal shield.
 
The vibration of the Electric Field, is the crossing point between Radiant Energy and Electrical Energy.  
Walter Russell would call this also a geometric shift in the space the energy field occupies, as well as the fields density.
An energy wave in free space will occupy a dimension. We live in a three dimensional world and have little understanding of anything else.
As an electric field is an "area force", it works by the law of the squares off the radiant energy in space.
 It is more dense then radiant energy by a mathematical square function of the background field,
and it occupies less space by the square root of the radiant energy traveling the background field which creates it.
 

Electromagnetic Resonance

Capacitance added to a copper wire system will slow the propagation velocity of the electric field.
When the magnetic field catches up with it, we call that electromagnetic resonance.
In this mode energy can then be coupled directly to the magnetic field.
Now available to power our world.


Magnetic Field

The vibration of the magnetic field, is the crossing point between Electrical energy and motional energy for our present technology.

This energy operates "slow enough" for it to become useful.
Our transformers, our motors, all use the rotating magnetic field to provide our current energy needs.
This is the dense field we think of having volume in 3D space, as a field, when we deal with electrical power.

The magnetic field cannot exist, without an electrical field feeding it.    [Magnetic field acts as a volume having 3 physical dimensions.]
The electrical field cannot exist without a radiant field feeding it.      [ Electric field acts as an area having 2 physical dimensions. ]
The radiant field, is merely a sphere with a force that pushes either away from center in all directions, or towards center from all directions.  
["Tempic field" energy has pressure in all directions - in or out from one center.]

The Electrical Field moving at slightly lower then light velocity in copper .97 c  down to .19 c with capacitance added, starts to flow a current in the copper wire.
 The electron flows then create the Magnetic Fields we use. This is the sequence.
The magnetic field will follow the electric field, in real time, by a 90 degree lag, in a dipole system. There is a time differential in phase between the two kinds of energy in a circuit using copper wire.
The field density of the magnetic field is the cube of the radiant energy traversing space which creates it, and the space it occupies is the cube root of it's same radiant energy quantity traversing space.

At roughly 45 degrees of both the electric and magnetic waves, they will cross at the point of RMS, or root mean square, and this is the point of peak power of the two waves interacting.
The two fields also merge at resonance, when capacitance is added to the circuits.
 

Summary

A complete energy gathering system must couple energy all the way from the Radiant field at Pi / 2 * C velocity,
to the Electric field at C velocity, and down to the magnetic field level around .66 C velocity or lower.
These couplings methods have not been well defined as of yet.

One must make use of all three fields in order to grab energy from the Radiant field using the electric field,
and next slow the electric field down far enough to resonate with the magnetic field.
This slow down of the electric field must happen on the same device, where it is again accelerated back up.
The device must then contain a Tempic field gradient for the electric wave to traverse both ends of.
Where on each end of the circuit it can transport energy between the other two fields.

A Russell drawing, showing in the comments, the square and cube formula that Wilbert Smith and Searl also expound on.


Russell Drawing

These geometric qualities of the field forces volume in space, and the counter qualities of the field density in space, show one directly, 
how conversion between them using copper wire, can create both expansion and contraction of the energy as it moves between the dimensions, in resonant circuits. 
Few can even grasp the concept of a field having only two dimensions of pressure [a square function], or one dimension of pressure, in 3 D space. 

Here is a chart for graphic "feel felt" input.


Field                            Density            Volume               |

Radiant   Energy             4                      64                    |

Electrical Energy            16 [square]        8  [sqrt]           |

Magnetic Energy            64  [cube]         4  [cube root]  |


One can see from this dynamic display why Radiant energy is not compatible with our current electrical powering grids.
With such a large field reach, it explains why many of our vibration devices can be felt so far away,
but few of them have ever produced any power for us to date.

It is hoped this chart will clarify, the dynamic of the 6 relationships, as viewed from all points of perception,
and settle much of the anguish of trying to define, quantify, or make sense of the field forces, as we play with them.

.
The reality we live inside is comprehensible. This is the correct attitude of the scientist anyway,
and the only one that will lead into new devices that actually work.




Using Radiant Energy to produce Electrical Power


Vertical Cones Drawing - Russell

Note that Russell is describing there is "mass" involved in this conversion.

In a radiant energy feed system, or a Voltage Feed set up, we would feed the
dipole at the outer points where the voltage nodes are present and there is no current.
This energy must be present at the correct times, and in the correct locations, such that a full synchronous resonance
of the dipole wire will now generate the electricity we wish to extract, as we would recognize it as EM power in our 3 dimensions of space.

Sine wave
power, complete with both current and voltage, located somewhere closer to the center of the dipole.
It would be generating a complete rotation of the magnetic field, and thus have the "RMS power" to replace our mechanical generator systems.


Russell Drawing Quad Cones

This diagram showing the same voltage points, Bashar indicates are used to start the system resonating.
A +   A -   B+    B-

Basically we are reversing the function of the antenna, to pull radiant energy in from the ends,
convert it into electrical energy in the copper, and transform it into magnetic energy,
or "working power" near the center, at the cube of field density of the Aetheric medium.
 Then we extract this "power" to run our machine, lights, etc.

The point of energy injection, will be at the ends of the dipole, where there is no "calculable power" present in our dimension.
No one to date, in conventional Electrical training, would consider powering a light bulb from an antenna system,
 which can produce a sine wave output with 100 watts of power from two opposite polarity voltage spikes,
having no current, and applied to both ends of a very long wire, or coil system.
This is however what is seen as "theoretically possible" on a Stanley Meyers Intensifier water cell circuit.

So we have this really long dipole antenna, resonating up, from a HV spike on each end, bouncing energy back and forth through center
where it is magically transformed into a rotating magnetic field, and now we want to draw some of that energy out.


Here is where Tom Bearden is constantly telling us, we have not been doing it without destroying the dipole resonance of the system.


Taping the Power of the Dipole without Destroying It

The point of power extraction, will be the location on the resonant coil system where voltage and current multiply to produce the maximum power.
Note this is not the point where we presently feed antennas from at all! It is the RMS point we want , 0 .707 ratio, rather then the current node peak.
 This 1.414 or .707 point will not involved the Antennas ratios of radiant vibration, or resonance.
 The ratio has no meaning in resonant fractal manipulation. It only has meaning in producing power from two different types of waves in combination.
The electric and the magnetic field waves.

If we manage to accomplish this goal, it will appear to most current scientists, that we are creating "power from nothing,"
as "radiant energy" is not considered to be a "power producing" form of energy, but only a carrier for radio communications.
Can we replace the generators of our power grid with long wire resonant copper wire oscillators as 60 Hz Dipoles,
fed from the ends, with High voltage spikes, that have zero calculable power?
Will we?

Maximum power on a Dipole antenna, is 1/2 way out on either side, or 1/8 wave of the resonance wavelength.
45 degrees of rotation of the field.




Dipole Antenna Description

An alternating electrical field is routed into a 1 / 2 wavelength "long wire" dipole antenna, and the resonance that is created becomes a transmitting antenna.
See diagrams below.

Energy is fed in at the center of the antenna where power is manifest as a current, having a magnetic field that is predominant and vibrating, or alternating in direction of current flow.
We relate to this antenna being "driven," because we worship the power we recognize, as voltage times current, and can then calculate it easily, and have absolute control, every moment, of the radiations.

On the ends of the dipole antenna, where the circuit seems to end, no current can flow out anywhere, a high voltage is the result.
 It is then reflected back towards the center, passing through itself.
 
There is a high voltage node created at the point of reflection [end of the wire] an area of electrical generated radiant energy.
The power is manifest as an electric field. Direction of travel is reversed at light velocity.

As the energy of the EM wave transforms itself between the oscillating magnetic field towards the center,
and the static electric field on the ends, the volume of the energy in space changes.
Both in "space occupied" and in "field density" inversely, as described above.
It also slows down, dropping well below C velocity.

The ratio is 16 / 4 for Magnetic / Electric field density, and 4 / 8 for Magnetic /Electric volume in space.  
 Magnetic field , with a field density that is the cube of the radiant form, occupies the cube root of the radiant space.
The electric field, with a field density that is the square of the force, occupies the square root of the space.

With reference to EM, the electric field is an expansion of the energy form in 3D space.
The magnetic field is a compression of the energy form in 3D space.
We live in 3D space, and to us there is no other comprehension.

It should also be noted, the diagrams below picture only 1/2 of the EM cycle in real time.
On the next half of the cycle both waves reverse. The current shown on the first drawing reverses direction. 
On the next diagram down, the voltages reverse their climb and start to drop, retracing the exact same path.

One side of the dipole remains + and the other side remains -.



Dipole Diagrams

The important concept to realize is that at the very ends of the circuit, where the current is nearly vanished, the voltage is highest, and there is an expansion of the field in space by a factor of  2.
At the point of reflection there is a Radiant field generated as the wave reverses direction and bounces off the ends of the wire.


Radiant Energy Circuits

Now we can modify the electromagnetic dipole to send vibration energy into a Concentric Tube Water Cell [Capacitor].
By replacing the long wire of the Antenna with coils, we can again resonate a voltage node onto the cells tubes
as long as the waves both reach the cell at the same instant in real time
,
so that a true "no current reflection" is happening on both tubes simultaneously.

Something very interesting happens when we connect both ends of the the antenna to a capacitance.
For one, the dipole antenna becomes a 1/4 wave transmission line.
Secondly the voltage now starts to toggle on the wires.


TDR Time Domain Reflectometer

Below are TDR traces applied to an opened ended transmission line on the left, and on the right a capacitance terminated end.

TDR Trace

You can see on the capacitance terminated end on the right, there is a voltage inversion as the wave hits the capacitor and reflects back.
The waveform is very steep, on the reflection and the voltage goes from a plus value to a minus value in a very short time interval.
This reverses the voltage polarity on the dipole, changing the antenna into an oscillator circuit.
The voltage is no longer static on the line.



Wave forms graphic

In this graphic drawing above,
we see on the left a full wave Walter Russell rendition of one cycle.
In the center we see a Bashar 1/2 wave dipole antenna cone, possibly with standing voltage nodes.
On the right we see a Stanley Meyers, water cell resonance, with reversing voltage component on the dipole.

All of these circuits have resonance of one form or another. 
On the water cells tubes, this would create first a high voltage with one polarity, then it would flip voltage polarity.

Water Cell Diagram

Since one of the tubes in the cell is smaller in dimension, one of the coils must be made adjustable to balance this, and keep the voltage nodes on the tubes.
It should also be noted that in electromagnetic work while the electron current and magnetic field rise very slowly in coils with high capacitance,
the voltage or electric field can operates near light velocities in a coil with no or very low capacitance.
 
If the wires are the same length, on both sides, the wave front will arrive at both tubes simultaneously. The water will receive the radiant energy pulse.
Distilled water has a velocity factor of [0.11] talk about slowing down the radiant energy wave!
186,000 * .11 =  20,460 miles per second!
With this in mind we now examine a well known circuit in the alternate energy circles.


Reference:

Stanley Meyer Water Fuel Cell Circuit

Water Cell Circuit

The circuit on the right resembles a transmission line. Whereby the wave must have the same delay on both sides of the line.
The lower inductor is made adjustable to shorten it's length, to compensate for the larger tube it will be hitting.
The two waves of reversed polarity have to collide on the capacitor [cell] simultaneously then pass through it over one another.
In that mode they will both pass through the capacitor, flipping the polarity of the feed line, as shown on the TDR traces above.


Resonance

Looking at the right circuit loop in red below, we now can identify what that side of the circuit has to produce on the cell, and why there are two coils rather then one.
Vibrating voltage with no current!  [Radiant energy also identified in the radiant battery chargers.]
Simultaneous voltage polarity propagation reversals on both inner and outer tubes, generated at a point of reflection of the EM waves, where current is zero and voltage is peaking on a dipole.

This can only happen if the dipole circuit is adjusted to resonate, at the applied frequency of the circuit on the left side of the diagram.
The wire length of both coils in the circuit on the right must be very close to the same length. Slightly shorter on the side hitting the larger tube. Best guess. That is why that one is adjustable.

Water Cell Circuit with Nodes marked

Also notice a clamper circuit is added, a diode of correct frequency tolerance,
to create a DC bias voltage across the cell, at a point in the circuit where there is a current to rectify.
We now get a resonating AC waveform with an underlying DC multiplexed underneath it.
This means that now as the polarity of resonance hits the cell it will begin to climb in voltage at the tubes until it is a pulsating DC.

The water in the cell will get vibrated, while at the same time polarizing only in one direction.
 The water molecules will not flip completely over, they will merely experience a different radiant field wave direction switch.
The energy will move into the bonds between the H and O atoms in the water molecules and begin to vibrate them apart as the DC pull maintains their orientation.
Electric vibration is the key to water fracturing, at low energy levels. Achieving geometric resonance on the water cell is the "secret," to success.

I set up this output circuit with the two 500 foot reels as the coils to a wet Joe Cell, and a diode, to verify that is what happens.



Dual Conical Coil Antenna

[Also referred to as the Space Time Antenna by Bashar STA.]

Bashar gives us a 1/2 cycle version of Walter Russells rendition with the following data added.
   
1 - How to construct the coil   [CW wound, both ends joined, coils in parallel circuit, standing parallel to gravity or vertical]
2 - How to start the coil resonating   [DC voltage is tapped  across the ends]
3 - The cone angle   [33 degrees]
4 - The frequency of resonance   [333,000 Hz]
5 - The wire insulation must slow the velocity of light   [Velocity Factor]
6  - The shape of the capacitors they use with it   [concentric tubes like a Joe Cell construction]
7 - The energy Source [Which is not an external power supply - but a natural form from the lower 4th]
8 - The smallest one we could build and have it work. About 19.56 inches high.
 
Walter Russells version of this has two side by side for a full wave resonance system.
He labels this "Construction of One Cycle of an Electric Current"

Original Russell Print


Note also, Russell states the "gravity center," is it's center of "mind control."
For him this was also a conscious connection as we discover with Joe Cell work.
 
If you have carefully read to this point then by now you must have some feelings about how space and time are involved in a dipole resonant copper wire system.
The velocity factor of the wire and it's length, the geometry of the coil, the sin of 1/2 the angle is a ratio of light velocities...

The only new concept you may need to grasp now is the location of where the RMS point is on the resonating dual cone system,
 in order to determine where to tap it's power, without destroying it's dipole resonance.

As far as I know, no one has yet put this in print for the general public.
It was however, apparently well understood by Walter Russell, who seems to be the first designer of this coil system, I can locate from the 1963 era.
His actual devices and electrical designs were not divulged to the public that I am aware, due to the fear of economic collapse of the of the nation.
The drawing above , showing the axis of gravity, indicates he may also have mounted this vertically.

I actually charted each wire turn of a dual conical coil system in this document:

Dual Cones

Lets look closely at what I found.

Single Cone

Searching now, what is happening to voltage and current at each wrap of the cone coil, as the wave travels across it.
Here is what I found of interest.

Ratios Diagram

The cone is positioned under this chart and the pointy end of the cone is under the left mark 0.
The wide end is under the mark 1.
We should note that the diameter of the coil changes by the same linear function as the length.
It is obvious that moving away from center, more wire will land on the wide end of the coil,
but it is not obvious what the wave phasing will be doing between voltage and current,
or where the true RMS point will be for taping power.

Now moving linearly across the coil, from the small tip, we discover that at 0.5 of the pathway across
we have only used 1/4 of the wire length or 1/8 the length of the resonant frequency wave on a 1/2 wave dipole.
This is 45 degrees of rotation of the electric field.

Open Wire Dipole
Compare this to a center fed Dipole antenna at the top of the document. How is this different?
On an open wire dipole antenna, 1/2 the wire is on each side of center.
There is a current node at the middle, denoting a 90 degree phase shift off each end, where we attempt to feed it from,
with great difficulty of tunning and impedance matching for each small change in frequency.

Conical Coil
From center of the coils length, the cone places 1/4 the wire towards the small tip and 3/4 of the wire towards the large end.
Now here we have the RMS point of the antenna, where voltage and current are both at .707 of their peak values and the power is perfectly at it's peak level.
Our powering systems on earth, run perfectly with this mix of the two waves, it is called the RMS value of the voltage,
 but is actually also the RMS value of the current when inspected closely.

This ratio of .707, and 1.414 has no meaning when used in resonant fractal work.
It will not effect the radiant energy path of the circuit in the least. It will not shift the frequency off center of resonance,
 and  it does not have to be tunned with capacitors or inductors to be tapped efficiently.
 It is the one point on the system where all the energy resonating on the Antenna comes together to create POWER.

This is possibly the only point on a free resonating dipole, where you can "couple in" to load the system,
without worry of having to do tunning manipulations with EM resonance, so you do not destroy the Dipole energy.
It is the only point on an antenna system that we will recognize the wave coming off as true power or watts of energy on our electrical grid system.
It is the only point that adding coils to will not change the resonant frequency.
The reason is that at this one point, both waves are equal and balanced.
Electric and Magnetic.

This is likely the phenomena, that makes powering from a resonant device possible, revealed in the dual cone structure.


Dual Cones

Tesla placed two cones back to back on the wide ends.
Referred to as the football coil.

Tesla Football Graphic

Walter Russell added two more cones moving through them tip to tip at the center.

Russell Cone Diagram

Bashar, cut this in half, set it vertically on the ground,
and called it the STA Space Time Antenna, then gave us the 33 degree angle,
and possibly a resonant frequency of 333000 Hz as our local space time resonance.
He offered how to start the coils operating, using only a voltage tapped across the two ends of the system,
and told us to connect the coils together in parallel at both ends.

Bashar STA Diagram

In all this information, I have found no where, exactly "how" to accomplish an "energy draw" from such a coil system.
I believe it will operate similar to a Joe Cell using "dielectric insulation" rather then water.




Wave Reflections


Antenna Nodes Diagram


Diagram showing standing waves on a Dipole. Current is reversing at the center, and voltage forms static nodes on the ends.
RMS or power points on the dipole appear also at 1/8 wavelengths out, or at 1/4 of the wire length.
Consider however the voltage is standing and not changing at these points, only the current direction is changing,
as is the wave velocity direction of motion.



This diagram represents the wire lengths on the dual coils, showing where they cross at the center, marked Power Extraction.


Dipole Overlap Diagram

In the dual coil system Bashar laid out for us, we tap the ends of both coils with a voltage.
At the physical center of the coils, they cross though one another 1/8 wave from the small tip and 3/8 from the large end.
  How does this effect each of the three wave types operating in the circuit?

Radiant Energy

The radiant energy, diagrammed below, moving at Pi / 2 *c velocity, will generate reflections as the waves cross this center point,
as it is a more dense area, there will be reflections in all 4 directions, which are all synchronized in real time to add energy.

To get a feel for this start at the upper left and count the segments to the common RMS point then jump through to the other coil and keep going to the end at the right.
At the same time start at the left of the lower coil, and count the same number of segment jumps, out to the end and then reflect off it and start back.
You will see the two waves will cross at the RMS point near the lower right of the diagram with the same number of counts in time!
Any way you count the segments, they all end up with correct timing to support one another at the RMS points in both cones.
This is counting by vibrational segments.
 

Electric Field

The unique thing here, is the electric field is static at every point on a dipole antenna at resonance.
By overlapping opposing voltages at the center of our system, the capacitance at this location will charge between the coils and pass energy.
Capacitance = Charge/ Voltage
This is a technique Tesla used in pancake coils to amplify the magnetic field flux.
Wind two wires, then route the end of one coil back to the start of the other, so the two different voltages are near one another.
Note the current is traveling the same direction in both coils, but the voltage reverses polarity at the center of the wire length.
Adding capacitance, is also the difference between a dipole antenna and an oscillator as we saw above with Meyers circuit.

Magnetic Field

The current will be reversing at the center of the dipoles at f0 rate.
The magnetic field polarity will be reversing, North South flipping end to end.
Both coils will be in magnetic synchronization.
This is what we need to tap real power from the coil system as a transformer.
If we have achieved a rotating magnetic field, from a fast tap of EM on both ends of the system.


Reflections

Reflections Diagram

Diagram is showing one flow of the longitudinal wave after 3 segments of time, and after 5 segments of time with no delay in the crossing between center of coils.
The vibrational wave should collide at the rightmost RMS point. There will be another one of these from the other end and collide on the upper coil.


Electric Field Reflections

The center of the coils are drawn as a capacitor in the next diagrams. Assuming the center wires are all touching.
On the top diagram below, marked forwards, we see the red wave splits off a pink negative voltage pulse through the capacitor at center of the coils.
At segment step 5 it reaches the other coil as a negative voltage, jumping through the center as a capacitor hop. At the same time getting another negative voltage pulse right behind it.
Note the voltage pulse takes two segments, or 90 degrees in time to cross the capacitor.
It may tend to flip the polarity of the dipoles, as there is a reversed polarity one doing the same in the opposite direction not shown.

EM Reflections diagram

Voltage through a capacitor may cause the dipole to go into Electric field oscillation.
If this happens the voltage at the ends of the coils will begin to flip polarity like an oscillator every 90 degrees of the phase change.
A capacitor delays the signal by 90 degrees, so while it is crossing the capacitor every thing else is advancing two more segments.
Will this dual coil system go into oscillation, or will it remain a dipole antenna?


Dielectric

Dielectric Image

Top drawing is two wires with insulation, that are separated in distance with an air gap between them on the wider end of the coils.

Bottom is a capacitor with a dielectric core between the plates. We know this will pass an EM transition across it.

Middle drawing shows how touching the wires tightly will convert them into a capacitor.
The positive going pulse on the left wire is more likely delivered into the right wire as the density of the dielectric is not changing to air.

The dual coil system will have a higher cross coil capacitance at the center, then on the ends.
This will slow the velocity of the Electric field wave.
If this cross coil capacitance becomes high enough to pass the voltage to the other coil and overpower it, from both directions simultaneously,
the Antenna may turn into an oscillator and start toggling the voltage end to end.



Update Note:

After construction and testing, it was discovered the coils wired in parallel in dual inverted cone geometry act like an oscillator, and not like an antenna.
The tips of the cones go into a voltage toggeling, and do not maintain a stationary voltage node at resonance.
[6 / 6 / 2014]



Joe Cell Connection on the Ends of the Dipole

Water Capacitor

This is probably the most compelling concept, Bashar has offered, and the results of this one will have to wait for experiment to catch up.
Other wise we end up speculating.
I note this here "going in" so as not to loose direction along the path.






The rest is unfinished at present...................





Walter Russel Images


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2/17/2014
Dave L